Religion and Psychoactive Sacraments:
An Entheogen Chrestomathy
Thomas B. Roberts, Ph.D. and Paula Jo Hruby, Ed.D.
Author Index | Title Index
The Use of 3, 4 Methylenedioxy Amphetamine (MDA) As an Adjunct to Brief Intensive Psychotherapy with Neurotic Outpatients.
Yensen, Richard. (1975).
Irvine, CA: University of California.
doctoral dissertation, xiii + 214 pages. Available from University
Microfilms, Ann Arbor, MI.
Contents: List of tables,
list of figures, acknowledgement, vita, abstract, 10 chapters,
Experience Questionnaire, Modified Linton-Langs Questionnaire,
Excerpt(s): A significant
reduction in test scores measuring depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive
traits, and hysterical tendencies was observed immediately after
therapy. Significant increases in measures of wellbeing and self-actualization
were found. The beneficial results were, on the whole, stable
during the six month followup period. (pages xvii-xviii)
More profound resolution is encountered after experiences
of ego death and fusion with the source of consciousness. These
mystical experiences are always preceded by an encounter with
death (the psychological experience of death appears to be a concomitant
of the total breakdown and dissolution of the existing assumptive
system) proportionately with their intensity producing a restructuring
of values and beliefs around a strong nucleus of self esteem.
The most dramatic shift occurring after mystical experiences is
the withdrawal of attention from its focus on the individual as
the center of the subject universe. A more cosmic and paradoxical
view of existence emerges in which the individual feels himself
a small part of an inestimably large universe and yet also identifies
with the macrocosmos. This ablates any tendency toward a morbid
preoccupation with self or minor complaints.
These types of experiences produce the most outstanding
improvements in general well-being and psychological health. Failure
to achieve the transformative types of experiences (whether on
a personal, archetypal or mystical level) usually results in no
change in the clinical picture. (page 86)
As mentioned elsewhere, the negative or difficult
experiences are of tremendous potential value to the patient.
We encourage the person to enter these experiences and express
them as completely as possible in our protected setting where
the negative consequences they fear are not likely. The guideline
of entering the experience fully and non-judgementally came about
after the observation, in early work with the psychedelic paradigm
at the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, that the mystical
breakthrough was always preceded by an experience of death or
dissolution on some level. It seems that when a difficult or negative
area is explored and felt very deeply, there is a shift from negative
intrapsychic interpretational systems to positive ones. This shift
can be integrated into the usual consciousness as a more positive
and healthy outlook on life and the human condition. (pages 87-88)
[Error Creating Counter File -- Click for more info]
This compilation by Thomas B. Roberts & Paula Jo Hruby, © 1995-2003 CSP