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Religion and Psychoactive Sacraments:
An Entheogen Chrestomathy

Thomas B. Roberts, Ph.D. and Paula Jo Hruby, Ed.D.
Author Index | Title Index

Students and Drugs: Drugs II: College and High Schools Observations.

Blum, Richard H, and Associates. (Editor) (1969).
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

ISBN: (SBN) 87589-034-2

Description: Hardcover, first edition, xx + 399 pages.

Contents: Preface, the associates (contributors), 21 chapters, bibliography, name index, subject index.

Contributors: Jean Aron, Mary Lou Funkhouser Balbaky, Diane Bausek, Philip E. Beal, Eva M. Blum, Richard H. Blum, Roland Bonato, Robert Bowlin, Lauraine Braunstein, Jack H. Curtis, Robert A. Ellis, Sanford Feinglass, Bruce Ferguson, Joel Fort, Melvin B. Freedman, Emily Garfield, Thirza Hibner, Kristine Hooper, Peggy Joseph, Richard Joyce, Helen Nowlis, Frances Orr-Nitzberg, James Paulsen, Charles E. Richardson, Jr., A. Rinker, Alma Stone, Richard Switalski, and Thomas Tutko.

Excerpt(s): Students describing their present interest in religion as "deep" are least likely to report drug experience for all classes of drugs. Those saying they have no interest in religion most often report experience with amphetamines, marijuana, and hallucinogens and they share high rankings for tranquilizers and alcohol. Those with "philosophical" interests in religion most often say they have had experience with opiates and tobacco, those with "intellectual" interests are markedly higher on use of special substances and share high hallucinogen, tobacco, and alcohol ranking with others. (pages 66-67)

Regarding action to seek new experiences, an unusual bimodal distribution is found. Students saying it is extremely important to seek new experience are highest, or share the high ranking, on all classes of drugs. There is a tendency for the proportion reporting drug experience to become smaller as one moves down the scale to those saying it is of little importance to them to seek new experiences. ...

Indeed, most drug users unequivocally rate "seeking new experience" as extremely important and the more "illicit" the drug, the higher the proportion emphasizing new experiences. Thus, 72 per cent and 66 per cent of the opiate and hallucinogen users are among those saying new experiences are extremely important; 58 per cent and 57 per cent of the amphetamines and marijuana users do so, whereas all other drugs have fewer users falling in the group emphasizing new experiences. Note that this phenomenon is even more pronounced when high-intensity users are compared with low-intensity users (a comparison we shall make in later chapters). ("Student Characteristics and Major Drugs," Richard H. Blum, page 69)

In summary it can be said that psychedelic drugs make evident what already exists within the human mind, whether it be suicide or creation, hate or love, apathy or productivity. It is imperative that these drugs (use and abuse, as well as research, which must be continued) be controlled and utilized, if appropriate, by professionally trained and competent individuals. The crude laboratory, indiscriminate "prescribing", and persecution by misguided laws and authorities can play no effective role in a society which professes to be rational.

As in the Faustian dilemma, life must contain viable opposites and degrees of mystery. Albert Einstein, perhaps the most aesthetically sensitive scientist of our century, said, The most beautiful experience we can have is the mysterious. It is the fundamental emotion which stands at the cradle of true art and true science. ("Epilogue: Students and Drugs," Richard N. Blum, page 303)

This compilation by Thomas B. Roberts & Paula Jo Hruby, © 1995-2003 CSP

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