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Religion and Psychoactive Sacraments:
An Entheogen Chrestomathy

Thomas B. Roberts, Ph.D. and Paula Jo Hruby, Ed.D.
Author Index | Title Index

Sacred Mushrooms & the Law

Boire, Richard Glen. (1997).
Spectral Mindindustries: Davis, CA.

ISBN: 1-890425-00-1

Description: Paperback, second edition, 69 pages.

Contents: Foreword by Terence McKenna, Introduction, 5 unnumbered sections, bibliography, end matter.

Note: Available from Spectral Mindindustries, Box 73401, Davis, CA. 95617-3401.

Excerpt(s): The time when humans discovered the visionary properties of teonanacatl or "sacred mushrooms" is lost in the substrates of history. Despite its untraceable genesis, knowledge of the magical properties of certain mushrooms has been passed from mind to mind and mouth to mouth, reaching us here on the unfolding edge of the present. As in 1620 when the Holy Office of the Inquisition proclaimed the ingestion of all visionary plants a heresy, users of sacred mushrooms in the closing years of the twentieth century have also been marked as enemies of the State.

While visionary mushrooms exist in a fairly wide range of genera, this book focuses on the law pertaining to those mushrooms and their endogenously produced psychoactive constituents which have most successfully permeated our culture.

Most of the detailed information herein will pertain to the substance psilocybin and psilocin, which have been confirmed in over 80 different species of mushrooms, most of which are within the genus Psilocybe. (page 9)


Ingesting entheogenic mushrooms is unquestionably a primary religious experience. Anyone who eats over four grams of the dried mushrooms can verify first-hand that the mushrooms have the potential to release one into the unio mystica, the source of all being and nonbeing. Indeed, evidence of the religious use of sacred mushrooms dates back to Paleolithic times.

Nevertheless, no one has yet succeeded at presenting a religious defense to criminal charges involving the use or cultivation of sacred mushrooms. Moreover, with the Supreme Court's Religious Freedom Restoration Act decision in June of 1997, a decision that effectively ended any hope of religious protection for users of outlawed entheogens, the federal religious defense is currently not viable. A sad situation it is, when true religion has been outlawed, and only inactive placebo hosts remain approved for consumption. (pages 67-68)

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