Religion and Psychoactive Sacraments:
An Entheogen Chrestomathy
Thomas B. Roberts, Ph.D. and Paula Jo Hruby, Ed.D.
Author Index | Title Index
Psychedelics: The Uses and Implications of Hallucinogenic Drugs.
Aaronson, Bernard, and Osmond, Humphry. (Editors) (1971).
London: Hogarth Press.
Description: hardcover, viii + 512 pages.
- ISBN: 0-7012-0348-X
- 0-385-08774-8 (Doubleday Anchor Original, 1970)
- no ISBN (Schenkman hardcover edition, 1971)
Contents: introduction, 29 chapters divided into 10 parts: 1.
Introduction, 2. The Nature of the Experience, 3. Anthropological
Considerations, 4. Effects of Psychedelics on Religion and Religious
Experience, 5. Psychedelic Effects on Mental Functioning, 6. Non-Drug
Analogues to the Psychedelic State, 7. Therapeutic Applications, 8.
Sociology of Psychedelics in the Current Scene, 9. Conclusion, 10.
Special Sections: contributors, bibliography, index.
Contributors: John W. Aiken, Duncan Blewett, William Braden, Frances
Cheek, Jonathan Clark, Walter Houston Clark, Arthur Deikman, Ira
Einhorn, James Fadiman, Willis Harman, Abram Hoffer, Jean Houston,
Kiyo Izumi, Eric Kast, Werner P. Koella, Stanley Krippner, Jeffrey
Linzer, Robert E. L. Masters, Ralph Metzner, Tod Mikuriya, Robert
Mogar, Stephens Newell, Walter Pahnke, Paul Radin, Jerry Richardson,
Mary Sarett, E. Robert Sinnett, Peter Stafford, Alan Watts.
Note: Readers of this guide will be especially interested in Peyote
Night by Humphry Osmond, Report of the Mescaline Experience of
Crashing Thunder by Paul Radin, Mushrooms and the Mind by Ralph
Metzner, Psychedelics and Religious Experience by Alan Watts,
Drugs and Mysticism by Walter N. Pahnke, The Church of the
Awakening by John W. Aiken, Psychedelics and Religion by Walter
Two other editions, one with two states exist. In 1971 Schenkman
Publishing of Cambridge, MA., published a hardcover with no ISBN. The
first edition was an Anchor Doubleday [paperback] Original with two
states, both published in 1970; the cover of the first state has a
mandala on a gray field and the price of $2.45; the second state has
the same mandala on a white field and the price of $2.95 and an ISBN at
the bottom of the back panel of the wrapper: ISBN: 0-385-08774-0. The
Schenkman edition misspells Osmond's first name Humphrey on the
dust jacket, but not on the title page.
Excerpt(s): Movement within reaches the level of archetype and myth
and may transcend these to a point of ultimate mystical union. ...
[Archetypes] may derive from fundamental perceptions of our own
structures and modes of functioning, Barron has noted an experience
of Christ, i.e. of Christ free from the institutional embodiment known
as Christianity, is common to many psychedelic trips. Christ on the
cross may then be understood simply as *consciousness impaled on
the human form, mind hung to die on body to expiate our voluntary
participation in the world's heavy materialism. this manner of
thinking and perceiving, the concentration on archetype, the sense of
an indwelling, immanent God, and the interest in meditation have
correspondingly created an interest in those forms of religion that
stress these notions: Hinduism, and Tibetan and Zen Buddhism.
psychedelic experience is fundamentally religious, as any experience
of life taken as an experience of life must be. Braden has pointed out
that the fundamental thrust of psychedelic experience is religious
and its fundamental challenge is to the forms of organized religion. it
is one of the forces contributing to the ferment in contemporary
Christianity that is presently leading one of the oldest and most
tradition-bound of Christian churches to re-evaluate its forms, its
structure, and many of the engrafted beliefs of its development.
In our opinion, the Establishment has behaved as establishments
usually do, bolstered with the authority they possess by virtue of
their social and political position. They have not been any less
admirable than members of the psychedelic movement who claim that as
a result of their experiences they have a deeper knowledge of the
human heart and a greater understanding of the meaning of things. By
their claims, their actions must be judged by a higher standard than
the actions of the Establishment, which does not make such claims. If
one asks whether mind-expanding experiences have increased the
ability of members of the psychedelic movement to understand the
views and fears of their elders more compassionately than they feel
themselves have been judged, we believe the verdict must be not
proven. Aldous Huxley once urged a leading figure in the psychedelic
movement to remember that it is important to do good stealthily.
His excellent advice has not always been heeded. If indeed insights
have been acquired as a result of psychedelic experience, they should
be used for the general good rather than for personal ends. (page
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Compilation copyright © 1995 2001 CSP