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Religion and Psychoactive Sacraments:
An Entheogen Chrestomathy

Thomas B. Roberts, Ph.D. and Paula Jo Hruby, Ed.D.
Author Index | Title Index

Marijuana: Effects on Human Behavior.

Miller, Loren L. (Editor). (1974).
New York: Academic Press.

ISBN: 0-12-497050-8

Description: Hardcover, xvi + 406 pages.

Contents: List of contributors, preface, 14 chapters, subject index.

Contributors: Howard Darley, Fonya Lord Dornbush, William G. Forney, Erich Halikas, Glen F. Klonoff, Bernard I. w, Barbara R. Manno, Loren L. Miller, Patricia Pliner, Jared R. kler.

Excerpt(s): Throughout history, man has used two frames of reference for appraisal of reality. One is a set of terms and concepts based in experiences connected with problems of survival and domination of the physical world; to the extent that such terms and concepts can be tested for predictive utility, they are called "scientific." The other represents an attempt to explain the unknown in terms of the undefined-terms and concepts which cannot be defined publicly and thereby be subjected to the test of predictive utility. These may be called "mystical" and are particularly prominent in the discourses and writings of certain religionists, poets, writers, and social philosophers, as well as some scientists. The difference in aesthetic values between the mystical and scientific orientations is apparent in the use of the term high to refer to effects of marijuana that are biologically adverse. After proper indoctrination by his peers, the user reports that marijuana induces clarity of thinking, original, brilliant ideas, heightened perception, and novel insights (all of which are presumably, subsumed under the term high), whereas the observer can only detect distortions of time-sense and impairment of logical thought as revealed by speech analyses. Furthermore, the marijuana user learns to regard such a high as pleasurable. Similar considerations apply to the term "psychedelic" ("consciousness" or "mind-expanding") which is sometimes used to refer to the effects of marijuana. "Mind-expansion" implies that a scale exists, along which the dimensions of "mind" can be measured. In the nonintoxicated state, illogical thought, distortions of perception, hallucinations, and paranoid reactions would be classed as "errors"; to the psychedelists, however, when produced by marijuana (or LSD-25), they are considered evidence of mind-expansion. (pages 39-40)

Recently, the term "recreational drug" has come into vogue among the supporters of the legalization of marijuana. ... The social consequences of acceptance of the concept of recreational drug would be the permeation of our society with adherents of numerous cultists deriving primary reinforcement from varieties of drugs and secondary reinforcement from drug cult ideologies. (Abraham Wikler, Chapter 2, The

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