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Religion and Psychoactive Sacraments:
An Entheogen Chrestomathy

Thomas B. Roberts, Ph.D. and Paula Jo Hruby, Ed.D.
Author Index | Title Index


Eleusis: Journal of Psychoactive Plants and Compounds

Roverto (TN), Italy: Museo Civico di Rovereto.


ISBN: none


Description: Periodical. New Series, No, 2. 104 pages.

Contents:

CARL A.P. RUCK & DANNY STAPLES
Vischio, Centauri e Datura
Mistletoe, Centaurs and Datura
p. 3
CLARK HEINRICH, CARL AP. RUCK & DANNY STAPLES
Perseo, il raccoglitore di funghi
Perseus, the mushroom picker
p. 25
TJAKKO STIJVE & BEOWULF GLUTZENBAUM
Esperienze con Un fungo psicoattivo raro: Inocybe haemacta Berk. & Br.
Experiences with a rare psychoactive mushroom: Inocybe baemacta Berk & Br
p. 59
FRANCESCO FESTI & GIORGIO SAMORINI
Scheda Psicoattiva X: Passifiora L.
Psychoactive Card X: Passiflora L.
p. 70
THOMAS BENJAMIN
Scheda Psicoattiva XI: Galbulimima belgraveana (F. Muell.) Sprague
Psychoactive Card XI: Galbulimima belgraveana (F Muell.) Sprague
p. 82
GIORGO SAMORINI & FRANCESCO FESTI
Piante psicoattive usate tradizionalmente in Madagascar
Psychoactive plants traditionally used in Madagascar
p. 90
JOCHEN GARTZ
Un semplice metodo per la coltivazione di fiinghi su pacciame
A simple method for cultivation of mushroom mycelia on mulch
p.93


Excerpt(s):
Abstract- In Greek mythology, the centaurs are descended from Ixion, who is named for the semi-parasitic plant called mistletoe, and whose immolation on a fiery wheel derives from the Druidic solstice sacrifice of the "wicker man." This is the time in Indo-European traditions when the axis mundi gapes open and bestial creatures, like centaurs and werewolves, and tiny weird people invade our world, the time when the sacred food of the gods was stolen and mankind was first created. Mistletoe is linked with Amanita muscaria, since both are symbiotic with the oak, engendered there by the lightning-bolt, which passes through them as a conduit uniting the celestial solar-disk with the Ogygian fire in the netherworld. In Greece, this ritual sacrifice was assimilated to the religion of Apollo, who is the god most involved in human offerings; and mistletoe, as the entheogen to prepare the victim, was supplanted by Datura and Aconite. The folklore of modern Greece perpetuated the sanctity of this time when the pathway between the realms was opened in the tradition of the Kallikantzari. (page 3)

Abstract - Perseus was the first of the Greek heroes, historically at the time when the Greek-speaking Indo-Europeans were just beginning to arrive from a place they remembered as the Hyperborean homeland and were merging their own traditions and religion with that of the peoples who were already in residence in the Greek lands. The integration of the two different cul-tures can be seen in the ethnobotany of their shamanism, in which the shaman and the deity both are consubstantial with the sacred plant or entheogen. The Gorgon Medusa and Perseus (and related figures, such as Chrysaor, Pegasos, Iamos, Ion, Io, Orion, and Ouranos) display symbolic characteristics descriptive of the fly-agaric mushroom or Amanita muscaria. These include the spectrum of color as well as common metaphors describing the Soma plant as golden apples, an eye, a multiplicity of eyes, golden water honey, lightning-bolts, golden urine, golden semen, golden rain, golden snow, estrual cows, bellowing bulls, golden hides, pelts, phallus, vulva, wings, etc. The fly-agaric seems to have had a role in the religion of the two goddess-es, Demeter and Persephone, but not as the prohibited Eleusinian potion. Nor does it seem likely that knowledge of the entheogen was secret: the audience of Aristophanes 'Clouds' could be expected to recognize a parody of the Sophists (or philosophers) as ethnobotanical shamans. (page 25)



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