Religion and Psychoactive Sacraments:
An Entheogen Chrestomathy
Thomas B. Roberts, Ph.D. and Paula Jo Hruby, Ed.D.
Author Index | Title Index
Dreams and Dreaming.
MacKenzie, Norman. (1965).
New York: The Vanguard Press.
Description: 351 pages.
Contents: 11 chapters,
appendix: Two Clinical Reports [transcripts
of interviews with patients under LSD treatment], index, acknowledgments.
Note: This exemplifies
a psychoanalytic interpretation of psychedelics.
Excerpt(s): The LSD experience
seems, therefore, not merely an extension of dream interpretation
but superior to it in intensity and in the wealth of material
that it makes available. One of the outstanding British specialists
in this work, Dr. R. A. Sandison, has said
that it "is a kind of development of the dream life of the
individual." Dr. Sandison thinks it possible, from observing
hundreds of LSD sessions, that they offer a much more comprehensive
view of unconscious mental life than the dream as it is consciously
recollected. By the time we have woken up and tried to capture
the fleeting images of a dream, we are left with no more than
a fragment of it. Under LSD and other hallucinogens, several hours
are available for contemplation and experiencing of fantasy. It
may be that the dream (if we could recall it in its entirety)
would prove to be very similar, and that the distortion and loss
that occur are subsequently imposed on the dream material by waking
consciousness-that is, by the ego.
We can now see why LSD and similar drugs have begun
to play such an important part in psychotherapy. Unlike sedatives
and tranquilizers, which can temporarily allay severe anxiety
or even bring severely hallucinated persons into closer touch
with reality, the hallucinogenic drugs evoke a great deal of psychological
stress and induce fantasies. But they do so under
conditions that enable an individual to confront, rather than
repress, what is disturbing him. As all sch ools of
psychotherapy believe, the more an individual is able to achieve
insight into the conflicts and feelings that trouble him, the
better he is able to acknowledge them and to integrate them into
normal conscious life. Psychoanalysis, which uses dream interpretation,
is one way of doing this. But the hallucinogens may be a quicker
and possibly more effective way of achieving the same result.
In both cases, the objective is to break down the defenses an
individual has created to protect consciousness from uncomfortable
or disruptive feelings-and thus enable him to see himself and
his relation to other people in a different perspective. We can
put it simply by saying that the hallucinogens permit him to discover
a fuller and richer sense of his own identity. They involve a
change in his ego, in his consciousness of himself, ... (pages
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